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Promoting Health Among Teens! (Abstinence Only)

Blueprints Program Rating: Promising

An 8-hour abstinence-based education program to reduce risky sexual behavior for African American youth by providing information on sexual risks and helping teens build negotiation, refusal, and problem solving skills for practicing abstinence.

Program Outcomes

  • Sexual Risk Behaviors

Program Type

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Training
  • Skills Training

Program Setting

  • Community (e.g., religious, recreation)
  • School

Continuum of Intervention

  • Universal Prevention (Entire Population)

Age

  • Early Adolescence (12-14) - Middle School

Gender

  • Male and Female

Race/Ethnicity

  • African American

Endorsements

  • Blueprints: Promising

Program Information Contact

ETR
100 Enterprise Way. Suite G300
Scotts Valley, CA 95066
Tel: (800) 620-8884
Fax: (831) 438-4284
Main Website: etr.org
Program Website: pub.etr.org/ProductDetails.aspx

Program Developer/Owner

  • John B. Jemmott III
  • University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine

Brief Description of the Program

The program is an 8-hour abstinence-based education intervention for African American teens that offers optional booster sessions and one-on-one meetings for up to two years following program completion. It aims to give 6th and 7th grade students accurate information on sexual risks and help participants build negotiation, refusal, and problem solving skills for practicing abstinence.

See: Full Description

Outcomes

Across the study period (Jemmott et al., 2010) found significant improvement among those assigned to the abstinence-only treatment group as compared to the control group in:

  • sexual initiation
  • recent sexual intercourse

Race/Ethnicity/Gender Details

The study included only African American students and did not disaggregate results by gender.

Risk and Protective Factors

Protective Factors
  • Individual: Problem solving skills, Refusal skills

See also: Promoting Health Among Teens! (Abstinence Only) Logic Model (PDF)

Training and Technical Assistance

For information about ETR’s distributive learning process please see: http://www.etr.org/ebi/training-ta/professional-learning-services/

Training is two days. Participants are required to have the basic set materials for the program. The PHAT-AO cost per participant is $1,534 ($975 for training + $559 for facilitator guide and initial set of student workbooks). These costs do not include participant travel or lodging (if they come to a scheduled regional training). If an ETR trainer comes to the site for the training, the agency will need to pay trainer travel and lodging expenses.

All ETR trainings include the research based elements of pre-assessment, pre-work, skills development (including practice in facilitating specific curriculum elements), and follow-up support.

More information can also be found at: http://www.etr.org/solutions/professional-development/

Training Certification Process

ETR offers Training of Trainers sessions for seasoned program facilitators that will qualify them to train other educators in delivery of the program. Regional TOT sessions, in which participants provide their own transportation costs, average $2500 per participant.

Brief Evaluation Methodology

The study randomly assigned 662 African American 6th and 7th grade students recruited from 4 public middle schools in a northeastern US city. Participants randomly assigned to the 8-hour abstinence-only treatment group were compared to participants randomly assigned to 8-hour safer sex only (focusing on condom use), either an 8- or 12-hour version of a comprehensive intervention including abstinence and safer sex, and an 8-hour health promotion control group focusing on health behaviors unrelated to sexual contact. In addition, students in each intervention were randomly assigned to a maintenance program. The primary measure was a self-report of sexual contact, and secondary measures addressed other sexual behaviors such as multiple partners, unprotected intercourse, and consistent condom use. Participants completed pretest, posttest, and 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up questionnaires.

References

Jemmott, J. B., Jemmott, L. S., & Fong, G. T. (2010). Efficacy of a theory-based abstinence-only intervention over 24 months: A randomized controlled trial with young adolescents. Archive of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 164, 152-159.