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Model Program Seal

Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS)

Blueprints Program Rating: Model

A classroom-based social emotional learning program for elementary students to reduce aggression and behavior problems in children. The PATHS curriculum teaches skills in five conceptual domains: self-control, emotional understanding, positive self-esteem, relationships, and interpersonal problem solving.

Initial Training and Technical Assistance

$4,000 + trainer travel costs for initial two-day teacher training for up to 40 teachers. There is usually another day for training set up and meeting with the school administration at $2,000.

Curriculum and Materials

$350 to $600 per classroom, depending on the grade level.

Licensing

None.

Other Start-Up Costs

None.

Ongoing Curriculum and Materials

$100 per year per classroom for photocopying activity sheets, poster replacement and books.

Staffing

Qualifications: None required but typically delivered by classroom teachers or school counselors.

Ratios: None required. Program designed for classroom delivery with typical classroom ratios of 15 - 25 students per teacher, depending on grade level.

Time to Deliver Intervention: Curriculum is taught three times per week for a minimum of 20 - 30 minutes and ideally should be taught throughout the school year from kindergarten through grade five.

Other Implementation Costs

A local coach is recommended for at least the first year. Coaches are usually teachers with special PATHS training. Whether a full- or part-time coach is needed depends upon how many teachers need the support.

Ongoing Training and Technical Assistance

Technical assistance by email and phone is available from PATHS Training, LLC. While coaches are used, funds should be budgeted for annual site visits by national trainers at a cost of $4,000 plus travel.

Fidelity Monitoring and Evaluation

Local coach takes the lead in fidelity monitoring. If site does not have a coach, a local coordinator responsible for fidelity monitoring should be designated.

Ongoing License Fees

None.

Other Implementation Support and Fidelity Monitoring Costs

None.

The size of implementation is key to lowering costs. Training many teachers at one time is most cost effective.

Year One Cost Example

This example will be to implement PATHS in two elementary schools using 20 teachers and their classes of 25 students each. Schools can expect to incur the following costs:

Training, with planning day, on-site for 2 days for 20 teachers and coach
$6,500
Salary for Coach .5 FTE
$30,000
Training and Support for Coach
$8,000
Curriculum for 20 classrooms estimated @ $400
$8,000
Supplies @ $100 per classroom
$2,000
Booster Visit-one two-day visit @ $2000/day plus travel
$5,000

Total Year One Cost
$59,000

With 500 students participating, the cost per student is $119.