Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS)
Blueprints Program Rating: Model
A classroom-based social emotional learning program for elementary students to reduce aggression and behavior problems in children. The PATHS curriculum teaches skills in five conceptual domains: self-control, emotional understanding, positive self-esteem, relationships, and interpersonal problem solving.
Initial Training and Technical Assistance
$4,000 + trainer travel costs for initial two-day teacher training for up to 40 teachers. There is usually another day for training set up and meeting with the school administration at $2,000.
Curriculum and Materials
$350 to $600 per classroom, depending on the grade level.
Other Start-Up Costs
Intervention Implementation Costs
Ongoing Curriculum and Materials
$100 per year per classroom for photocopying activity sheets, poster replacement and books.
Qualifications: None required but typically delivered by classroom teachers or school counselors.
Ratios: None required. Program designed for classroom delivery with typical classroom ratios of 15 - 25 students per teacher, depending on grade level.
Time to Deliver Intervention: Curriculum is taught three times per week for a minimum of 20 - 30 minutes and ideally should be taught throughout the school year from kindergarten through grade five.
Other Implementation Costs
A local coach is recommended for at least the first year. Coaches are usually teachers with special PATHS training. Whether a full- or part-time coach is needed depends upon how many teachers need the support.
Implementation Support and Fidelity Monitoring Costs
Ongoing Training and Technical Assistance
Technical assistance by email and phone is available from PATHS Training, LLC. While coaches are used, funds should be budgeted for annual site visits by national trainers at a cost of $4,000 plus travel.
Fidelity Monitoring and Evaluation
Local coach takes the lead in fidelity monitoring. If site does not have a coach, a local coordinator responsible for fidelity monitoring should be designated.
Ongoing License Fees
Other Implementation Support and Fidelity Monitoring Costs
Other Cost Considerations
The size of implementation is key to lowering costs. Training many teachers at one time is most cost effective.
Year One Cost Example
This example will be to implement PATHS in two elementary schools using 20 teachers and their classes of 25 students each. Schools can expect to incur the following costs:
With 500 students participating, the cost per student is $119.